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Includes allow to use the same shortcut properties in different shortcuts. They are heavily used for dictionary shortcuts.

Simple includes

Includes are defined with include:. For example, dcm contains:

de-en 1:
    title: German-English (
        - dictionary
        - english
        - german
        - language
        baum: English translation of "baum"
        tree: German translation of "tree"

Additionally, there is:

en-de 1:
    title: Englisch-Deutsch (
    include: de-en 1
        tree: Deutsch-√úbersetzung von "tree"
        baum: Englisch-√úbersetzung von "baum"

Both are separate shortcuts and can be called individually. But en-de 1 includes from de-en 1 all properties that it does not define itself. In this case, these are url: and tags:.

This way, the shortcut URL needs to be maintained only once.

Includes with variables

include.key may also use variables:

en 1:
    include: en-<$language> 1

If the language from settings is e.g. de, it includes from en-de 1. (And if en-de 1 contains include:, it also includes from there, and so on.)

Includes from another namespace

include may also include from another namespace:

en 1:
        key: en 1
        namespace: leo

This can for example be set in one's user settings, to ensure using as the dictionary for English, no matter what is used in the site namespaces.

Multiple include propositions

include: may instead of only one key: (and namespace:) also contain several ones. For instance, in o we have:

ar 1:
        - key: ar 1
          namespace: ard
        - key: ar 1
          namespace: dcm
        - key: ar 1
          namespace: bab
        - key: ar 1
          namespace: lgs
        - key: ar 1
          namespace: rvs
        - key: ar 1
          namespace: pka

This shortcut for an Arabic dictionary tries first to include from ard, the namespace for And there also exists:

ar 1:
        key: ar-<$language> 1

However, this namespace only contains Arabic dictionaries for a few languages (de, en, fr, it, tr).

If the user's language is e.g. pl, the include process will fail at this point, as there is no ar-pl 1 in this namespace.

In this case, the process goes back to o and tries the second entry:

- key: ar 1
  namespace: dcm

As dcm does contain ar-pl 1, this inclusion succeeds, and the Arabic dictionary is taken from